Global Sustainable Development Report, 2022- UPSC Current Affairs

Global Sustainable Development Report, 2022

Upgrade your UPSC exam preparation and reach closer to your IAS dream with our Current Affairs Dialog box wherein we discuss crucial issues of national and international importance. In today’s edition, we will discuss Global Sustainable Development Report, 2022 and its relevance to the UPSC CSE syllabus.

Click here to read our yesterday’s edition of Current Affairs in case you missed reading it.

For Prelims: Global Sustainable Development Report, 2022, SDGs

For Mains: India’s SDG targets and its achievements

Why in the News?

Recently, the UN SDSN released the Global Sustainable Development Report, 2022.

Probable Question

What are India’s challenges in achieving sustainable development goals?

Key Highlights of the Report

  • Peace, diplomacy, and international cooperation are fundamental conditions for the world to progress on the SDGs towards 2030 and beyond. 
  • For the second year in a row, the world is no longer making progress on the SDGs. A global plan to finance the SDGs is urgently needed. 
  • At the mid-point on the way to 2030, policy efforts and commitments supporting the SDGs vary significantly across countries, including among G20 countries. 
    • 2023 Heads of States SDG Summit should be an opportunity to re-commit to this Agenda. 
  • Rich countries generate negative international spillovers notably through unsustainable consumption; Europe is taking action. 
  • The COVID-19 pandemic forced data providers to innovate and build new forms of partnerships; these should be leveraged and scaled up to promote SDG impacts by 2030 and beyond. 
    • Science, technological innovations, and data systems can help identify solutions in times of crisis and can provide decisive contributions to addressing the major challenges of our times. 
    • These require increased and prolonged investments in statistical capacities, R&D, and education and skills.

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Global Ranking

  • The 2022 SDG Index is topped by Finland, followed by three Nordic countries –Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
  • East and South Asia is the region that progressed most on the SDGs since their adoption in 2015.
  • Bangladesh and Cambodia are the two countries that progressed most on the SDGs since 2015.
  • By contrast, Venezuela has declined the most on the SDG Index since their adoption in 2015.

India’s Ranking

  • India’s rank in the global Sustainable Development Report, 2022 has slipped for the third consecutive year.  
  • India has been ranked 121 in the index with an SDG index score of 60.3. It ranked 117 in 2020 and 120 in 2021.
  • The country continues to face major challenges in achieving 11 of the 17 SDGs, which has pushed down its global ranking on SDG preparedness.
  • The progress in around 10 of these goals is similar to those in 2021. 
  • These include SDG 2 on ending hunger, SDG 3 on good health and well being and SDG 6 on clean water and sanitation. 
  • But ensuring decent work (SDG 8) has become more challenging.
  • According to the report, India is on track to achieving SDG 13 on climate action.
    • This decline in India’s overall performance is primarily due to eight states — Bihar, Telangana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Jharkhand — whose scores have dipped under SDG 13 in the two years.
Global

Image Source: un.org

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