“God is truth. The way to truth lies through Ahimsa (Non-Violence).” M.K Gandhi
Since UPSC can ask questions from any topic, studying the world’s renowned personalities during the UPSC exam preparation becomes imperative. One such personality is Mahatama Gandhi.
Without an iota of doubt, he has been one of the pivotal figures of Indian Independence. Let’s acquaint you with some essential facts about Mahatama Gandhi that will help you prepare better for the Civil Services exam.
Key Points About Mahatama Gandhi
- Mahatma Gandhi was born in the town of Porbandar in 1869.
- In 1888, following his parent’s wish, he enrolled at the Inner Temple, London to pursue Law.
- In 1893, Gandhi accepted a contract to work for an Indian firm in South Africa.
- In South Africa, he saw the plight of Indians and to undone this, he organized Non-violent protest against the racial discrimination.
- He setup Phoenix Farm and Tolstoy Farm in South Africa.
- The first non-violent Satyagraha was organized in 1906 to protest against the Transvaal Asiatic Ordinance.
- After spending 21 years in South Africa, he returned to India. He was introduced to Indian issue by Gopal Krishna Gokhale (his mentor).
- Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was Gandhi’s first Satyagraha in India, Kheda Satyagraha of 1918 was his First Non-Cooperation Movement and Ahmedabad Mill Strike of 1918 was First Hunger Strike in India.
- Gandhi was instrumental in launching various movements against the British Empire, which shook the foundation of the Raj.
- The 1919 Satyagraha against Rowlatt Act was first Mass Strike against the Rowlatt Act.
- In 1920-22, Gandhi launched Non-cooperation Movement, encouraged Indians to use Khadi, boycott the British goods and institutions and work together for the achievement of the Swaraj.
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- The only session of the Indian National Congress chaired by Gandhi was the Belgaum Congress Session of 1924.
- Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of Mahatma.
- During 1930’s Civil Disobedience Movement, he proved that whatever moral ascendancy the west has, it was lost in India because the British government was responsible for the miseries of innocent Indians.
- Gandhi worked tirelessly for the empowerment of the untouchables.
- In 1942, Gandhi launched the famous Quit India Movement. While addressing the huge crowd in Gowalia Tank Maidan Gandhi gave a ‘do or die’ call to the people of India.
- Gandhi wrote various books such as Hind Swaraj, My Experiments with Truth (Autobiography) etc.
- He also published newspapers like Young India, Indian Opinion and Harijan.
- He was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948.
- The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.
“Non-violence is the first article of my faith. It is also the last article of my creed.”- M K Gandhi.
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