How to Prepare Pathology for FMGE

Pathology is a highly significant subject from FMGE perspective. 40 – 50 Direct or Indirect questions are framed from Pathology in FMGE. This subject appears challenging to a majority of candidates owing to its extensive syllabus.

In order to aid the aspirants in their preparation of Pathology, we have devised this article which will bring forth the Preparation Tips and the Most Important Topics of Pathology for FMGE.

2021 Dream Pack: Clinical | Integrated | NEXT Ready

 Enroll Now »


When in uncertainty, you must refer to the latest edition of Robbins’ Pathology since it has been compiled keeping South- East Asia in consideration.

Preparation Tips & Most Important Topics of Pathology for FMGE

I. Cell as a Unit of Health & Disease

Important Topics

  1. Cell Genome – In this, you need to focus on Epigenetics and the Approach to diagnose a case of Epigenetics.
  2. Types of Collagen, their location and Diseases which occur owing to their Deficiency.
  3. Stem Cells


II. Cell Adaptation, Repair & Injury

This unit is highly significant and must not be omitted.

Important Topics

  1. Reversible & Irreversible Injury
  2. Distinction between Reversible & Irreversible Injury
  3. Thoroughly prepare Apoptosis
  4. Concentrate on Calcification & their examples


III. Inflammation 

Important Topics under this unit:

  1. Factors resulting in Increased Vascular Permeability (Frequently asked)
  2. Concentrate on Cellular Events of Inflammation
  3. Thoroughly prepare Mediators of Inflammation
  4. Cell Repair and Day-wise Approach

You can also download the list of most important topics for FMGE preparation.


IV. Genetics

Important Topics under this unit:

  1. Mendelian InheritanceAutosomal Dominant & Autosomal Recessive. Remain cautious of the fact that all Dominant Diseases do not have the same symptoms as Autosomal Recessive
  2. Factors impacting Autosomal Dominant Diseases such as Co-dominance, Pleiotropism, etc
  3. Examples of Autosomal Dominant & Autosomal Recessive Diseases
  4. Concentrate on Non – Mendelian Inheritance such as Trinucleotide Repeat and Silencing
  5. Thoroughly prepare Genomic Imprinting, Maternal and Paternal Disomy
  6. Neoplasia – Focus on only the Most Important Mutations
  7. Tumor Suppressor Genes – Prepare the ones situated in the Nucleus
  8. Focus on Warbug Effect
  9. Emphasize on Tumor markers used in Diagnostic and Prognostic field nowadays


V. Immunity

You can prepare Immunity from either Pathology or Microbiology. Preparing it from either one of the two would be sufficient.

Important Topics

  1. Focus on NK Cells, Dendritic Cells and Antigen preventing Cells
  2. Thoroughly prepare Amyloidosis as it is very very significant

2021 Dream Pack: Clinical | Integrated | NEXT Ready

 Enroll Now »


VI. Hematology 

Hematology can be classified into 3 units:

  • RBCs
  • WBCs
  • Coagulation


Important Topics under WBCs

  • Focus on ALL, CLL, DLBCL and Burkitts
  • Thoroughly prepare AML in specific reference to the latest WHO 2008 Classifications
  • CML is a highly substantial topic and must not be omitted


Important Topics under RBCs

  1. Haemolytic Anemia (Sickle cell Anemia, Thalassemia)
  • Sickle Cell Anemia – In this, you must focus on Mutations and the Factors which Increase or Decrease Sickling
  • Thalassemia – In this, focus on Peripheral Smear finding


  1. Iron Deficiency Anemia
  • Prepare the Distinction between Iron Deficiency Anemia and the Anemia of Chronic Disease 


  1. Differential diagnosis of Pancytopenia
  • In this, you must focus on Pancytopenia with Cellular Bone Marrow and Pancytopenia with Acellular Bone Marrow


Important Topics under Coagulation

  • Focus on Primary hemostatic plug & Secondary hemostatic plug
  • Emphasize on Deficiency of Coagulation Factors & DIC
  • Focus on Von Willebrand disease


VI. Systemic Pathology

This unit can also be covered from Medicine.

Important Cancers

  • Focus on Lung Cancers & Endothyroid Carcinoma
  • Prepare CNS Tumors, RCC and Types of Thyroid Carcinoma
  • Thoroughly prepare Mesothelioma and Histological Distinction between Mesothelioma and Adenocarcinoma


VIII. Other Important Topics

i. Kidney

  • Focus on Casts and Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
  • Thoroughly prepare Different types of nephritis (Membranous, Minimal Change Disease)

ii. Liver

  • Thoroughly prepare Alcoholic liver disease and Non-Alcoholic liver Disease
  • Focus on NASH (Non- Alcoholic Steatohepatitis) & NAFLS (Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease)

 iii. CNS

  • In this, you must thoroughly prepare Schwannoma, Medulloblastoma and Astrocytoma


Also read:

How to Prepare Gynecology & Obstetrics for FMGE

How to Prepare Anatomy for FMGE

How to Prepare Pharmacology for FMGE

How to prepare PSM for FMGE

How to Prepare Biochemistry for FMGE

How to Prepare Physiology for FMGE

How to Prepare Surgery for FMGE


Preparing the above-listed topics would definitely help you to excel in Pathology in FMGE.


Stay Tuned for More Updates on FMGE!

Download the New PrepLadder App

Shweta Taprial

Shweta has expertise in curating academic content and has assisted thousands of students in cracking various competitive exams and Owning their Dream.