National Intellectual Property Awareness Mission (NIPAM) - UPSC Current Affairs
Here is our today’s edition of Current Affairs wherein we will discuss the National Intellectual Property Awareness Mission and its relevance to the UPSC CSE syllabus which is listed below.
Prelims: National Intellectual Property Awareness Mission (NIPAM), Intellectual Property (IP)
Mains: Types of Intellectual Property, National Intellectual Property Awareness Mission (NIPAM)
Despite having immense talent and human resources, India is lagging behind in registration of Intellectual Property rights. Critically comment.
Here is our yesterday’s edition of Current Affairs on the Atal Innovation Mission.
National Intellectual Property Awareness Mission (NIPAM) has achieved the target of imparting Intellectual Property (IP) awareness and basic training to 1 million students.
- It is a flagship program to impart IP awareness and basic training.
- It was launched on 8 Dec 2021 as a part of “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav” celebrations.
- The pan-India ambitious mission aims to provide awareness on intellectual property and its rights to 1 million students.
- It aims to inculcate the spirit of creativity and innovation to students of higher education (classes 8 to 12) and ignite and inspire the students of college/Universities to innovate and protect their creations.
- The program is being implemented by the Intellectual Property Office, the Office of Controller General of Patents, Designs and TradeMarks (CGPDTM), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
- During the period 08 December 2021 to 31st July 2022, the following milestones achieved:
- No. of participants (students/faculty) trained on IP = 10,05,272
- Educational institutes covered = 3662
- Geographical coverage = 28 states and 7 Union Territories
- Intellectual property (IP) pertains to any original creation of the human intellect such as artistic, literary, technical, or scientific creation.
- Intellectual property rights (IPR) refers to the legal rights given to the inventor or creator to protect his invention or creation for a certain period of time.
Intellectual property rights
- Intellectual property rights (IPR) have been defined as ideas, inventions, and creative expressions based on which there is a public willingness to bestow the status of property.
- IPR provides certain exclusive rights to the inventors or creators of that property, in order to enable them to reap commercial benefits from their creative efforts or reputation.
- There are several types of intellectual property protection like patent, copyright, trademark, etc.
- A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides.
- In general, a new way of doing something, or offering a new technical solution to a problem.
- To get a patent, technical information about the invention must be disclosed to the public in a patent application.
- Copyright relates to expression of ideas in material form and includes literary, musical, dramatic, artistic, cinematography work, audio tapes, and computer software.
- Trademarks relate to any mark, name, or logo under which trade is conducted for any product or service and by which the manufacturer or the service provider is identified.
- Trademarks can be bought, sold, and licensed.
- Trademark has no existence apart from the goodwill of the product or service it symbolizes.
- Geographical indications
- Geographical indications are indications, which identify as good as originating in the territory of a country or a region or locality in that territory where a given quality, reputation, or other characteristic of the goods is essentially attributable to its geographical origin.
- Industrial designs
- Industrial designs relate to features of any shape, configuration, surface pattern, composition of lines and colors applied to an article whether 2-D, e.g., textile, or 3-D, e.g., toothbrush.
News Source: The Indian Express
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