NEET PG 2023 - High-Yield Topics for Surgery 

High-Yield Topics For Surgery

As the NEET PG 2023 exam draws closer, aspirants start poring over the study material from the vast syllabus.

But with limited time in hand is it the right approach?

Well, while it is good to immerse yourself in exam preparation, it’s much more fruitful to do so with careful thought and proper planning. Consistency, time management and most importantly focused study enables balanced preparation that reaps fruitful results. 

So, to help you with the same, PrepLadder has come up with a list of important high-yield topics for Surgery. Focus on these topics for more productive NEET PG preparation.

We have already posted similar articles on high-yield topics for other subjects, which you can read here.

Subject Weightage 

One of the most important factors in preparation planning is knowing the exam syllabus and understanding the subject wise weightage. Accordingly you can prioritize the high-weightage subjects and make your preparations more productive.  

Exam Year No. of Questions
NEET PG 202231
202132
202046
INI-CETMay 202229
November 202121
July 202123
November 202230
FMGE June 202244
December 202160
June 202164
August 202047

High-Yield Topics for Surgery

Below you can find the list of important high-yield topics for surgery which you must be thorough with. This list has been prepared by our expert faculty, Dr. Pritesh Singh, based on in-depth analysis of the questions asked in the NEET PG exam over the last 10 years. 

We have specially focused on topics asked in the past 3 years. 

You can also watch the detailed video below by Dr. Pritesh Singh explaining all the must read topics.

Breast 

  • Types of Nipple Discharge 
  • Breast Cancer – Risk factors, clinical features, investigation, staging, management, prognosis
  • Cystosarcoma Phyllodes – IBQ
  • Inflammatory Breast Cancer – IBQ
  • Breast Abscess- IBQ
  • Fibroadenoma

Thyroid

  • Thyroglossal Cyst: IBQ
  • Solitary thyroid nodule: Type, investigation and management
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis & grave’s disease 
  • Carcinoma thyroid: types, characteristics, diagnosis & management 
  • Complications of thyroidectomy

Parathyroid & Adrenal

  • Men Syndrome: Types and associated features
  • Hyperparathyroidism: types, etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, & management
  • Pheochromocytoma: pathology, clinical features, diagnosis and management 
  • Neuroblastoma: pathology, clinical features, diagnosis and management 

Liver 

  • Liver anatomy, Pringles maneuver 
  • Pyogenic & Amebic liver abscess 
  • Hydatid Cyst
  • Liver tumors: MC types
  • HCC: risk factors, clinical features, investigation and management

Portal Hypertension 

  • Variceal bleeding: investigations and management 
  • Sengstaken Blakemore & Minnesota Tube
  • Portosystemic Shunts
  • MELD, PELD Scores and CTP Scores

Gallbladder

  • Gallstones: types, etiology, diagnosis, management and complications
  • Cholecystitis: Acute, Acalculous, Emphysematous & Xanthogranulomatous 
  • Strawberry gallbladder
  • Gallbladder Polyps
  • Carcinoma gallbladder: Risk factors, investigation, staging and management

Bile Duct

  • Choleodochal Cyst: Types, clinical features, investigation and management
  • CBD Stones: Types, clinical features, investigation, management and complications
  • Cholangitis: Clinical Features, Charcot’s Triad, Reynold’s Pentad, Management 
  • Biliary Structures: Strasberg & Bismuth Classification, Investigations & Management
  • Biliary Atresia: Classification, Clinical Features, Investigation and Management
  • PBS & PSC: Clinical Features, Investigation and Management
  • Cholangiocarcinoma: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Investigations and Management

Pancreas

  • Acute & Chronic Pancreatitis: Etiology, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management and Complications 
  • Scoring System for Acute Pancreatitis: Ranson’s, BISAP, APACHE, Q-SOFA
  • Pseudocyst: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management 
  • Cystic Neoplasm of Pancreas: SCN, MCN, and IPMN
  • Carcinoma Pancreas: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Radiological Signs, Management, Whipple’s Procedure
  • NET of Pancreas: Insulinoma, Gastrinoma, Glucagonoma, & VIPoma

Esophagus

  • CDH: Types, Clinical Features, Investigation and Management 
  • Hiatus Hernia: (Types, clinical features, investigation and management)
  • GERT & Barrett’s Esophagus
  • Motility Disorders: Achalasia & DES
  • Zenker’s Diverticulum: Killian’s Dehiscence, IBQ
  • Carcinoma Esophagus: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Investigation, and Management 
  • Boerhaave Syndrome
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula

Stomach

  • Peptic Ulcer: Mod Johnson’s Classification, Clinical Features, Management, Complications and Dumping Syndrome
  • Upper GI Bleed: Causes, Diagnosis, Management and Complications
  • Mallory Weiss Syndrome
  • Dieulafoy’s Lesion
  • Watermelon Stomach 
  • Carcinoma Stomach: Risk Factors, Laurens and Borrman’s Classification, Clinical Features, Investigation, & Management 
  • GIST: Clinical Features, Investigation and Management
  • IHPS: Clinical Features, Diagnosis and Management 

Peritoneum 

  • Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
  • Perforation Peritonitis: IBQ, Management
  • Intraperitoneal Abscess 
  • Mesenteric Cyst: Clinical Features, Diagnosis and Management 

Intestinal Obstruction 

  • Small Bowel Obstruction: Causes, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, X-Ray IBQ, & Management 
  • Intussusception: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Signs IBQ, and Management
  • Large Bowel Obstruction: Causes, Clinical Features,  Diagnosis, Management, X-Ray, IBQ
  • Sigmoid and Cecal Volvulus: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Signs-IBQ, Management

Small Intestine

  • Meckel’s Diverticulum: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Specimen IBQ, Management
  • GI Tuberculosis: Pathogenesis, MC site, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, BMFT IBQ, Management, Complications
  • SMA Syndrome: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Carcinoid Tumors: MC site, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Short Bowel Syndrome: Lengths, Clinical Features, Management

Large Intestine

  • Hirschsprung’s Disease: Pathogenesis, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Colonic Diverticula: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Complications
  • Colorectal Polyps: Neoplastic & Non-Neoplastic, MC Type
  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome: Arborization, & Hypermelanotic macules- IBQ
  • FAP & HNPCC: Mutation, Malignancies, & Management, Gardner’s & Turcot’s Syndrome
  • Carcinoma Colon: Risk Factors, MC site, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management, Types of Colectomy
  • Ischemic Colitis: MC site & Thumbprinting 
  • Pseudomembranous Colitis: Organism, Diagnosis, Accordion Sign, Management

Ileostomy & Colostomy

  • Early and Late Complications 

Inflammatory Bowel Disease 

  • Crohn’s Disease: Pathogenesis, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Signs, Management, Complications
  • Ulcerative Colitis: Pathogenesis, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Signs, Management, Complications
  • Crohn’s Diseases & Ulcerative Colitis Differences

Vermiform Appendix

  • Acute Appendicitis: Pathogenesis, Clinical Features, Diagnosis & Signs, MANTRELS Score, Management, Incisions, Complications
  • Ochsner-Sherren Regime
  • Carcinoid Tumor of Appendix

Rectum & Anal Canal

  • Hemorrhoids: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Rectal Prolapse: IBQ, Management
  • Anorectal Abscess: Pathogenesis, Clinical Features, Management
  • Fistula & Fissure-in-ano: Pathogenesis, Parks Classification, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Goodsall’s Rule, Management
  • Pilonidal Sinus
  • Carcinoma Rectum 
  • Carcinoma Anal Canal

Hernia & Abdominal Wall

  • Inguinal Hernia: Risk Factors, Direct & Indirect, Omentocele & Enterocele, Bassini, & Shouldice Repair, Lichtenstein Repair, Complications 
  • Triangle of Doom, Triangle of Pain & Corona Mortis 
  • Strangulated Hernia: Clinical Features & Management
  • Femoral Hernia, Sliding Hernia, epigastric Hernia
  • Omphalocele & Gastroschisis
  • Desmoid Tumor

Spleen

  • Splenectomy: Indications, Complications, OPSI
  • Splenic Tumors: MC Type

Kidney & Ureter

  • Renal Stones: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management ESWL, PCNL, URS
  • Genitourinary TB: Pathogenesis, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management, Complications
  • Angiomyolipoma
  • RCC: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Wilms Tumor: Variants, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • ADPKD: Pathogenesis, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management, Extra-renal Manifestations
  • PUJ Obstruction: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Horse-shoe Kidney: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Ureterocele: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Duplication of Ureter: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • VUR: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, International Classification, Management

Urinary Bladder

  • Ectopia Vesicae: IBQ, Clinical Features, Associations
  • Bladder Stone: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Bladder Rupture: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Signs, Management
  • Carcinoma Bladder: Tupes, Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management, Chemotherapy

Prostate & Seminal Vesicles

  • BPH: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Medical Management, TURP, TUR Syndrome, Prostatectomy
  • Carcinoma Prostate: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management, PSA

Urethra & Penis

  • Hypospadias: Types, IBQ, Clinical Features, Management, Named Repairs
  • Posterior Urethral Valve: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Phimosis & Paraphimosis: IBQ, Clinical Features, Management, Complications
  • Urethral Injury, Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, IBQ, RGU & MCU, Management
  • Carcinoma Penis: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management

Testis & Scrotum

  • Undescended Testis: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management, Complications
  • Testicular Torsion: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Varicocele: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Hydrocele: Types, Management
  • Acute Epididymo-Orchitis: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Fournier’s Gangrene: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Testicular Tumors: Risk Factors, MC Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Tumor Markers (AFP, beta-hCG), Management

Arterial Disorders

  • Peripheral Arterial Occlusion: Clinical Features
  • Buerger’s Disease: Clinical Features, ABPI, Diagnosis, Management, Lumbar Sympathectomy
  • AV Fistula: MC Type, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Aneurysm: MC Type, Cut off Diameter, Complications, Martality 
  • Subclavian Artery Stenosis and Steal Syndrome: MC Site, Clinical Features
  • Vascular Graft: Types and Graft of Choice

Venous Disorders

  • DVT: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Varicose Veins: Risk Factors, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management, Complications, CEAP, Classification

Lymphatic System

  • Lymphedema: Types, Clinical Features, Management

Thorax & lung

  • Mediastinal Masses: MC Type
  • Pneumothorax & Hemothorax: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Tension Pneumothorax: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Pulmonary Embolism & Fat Embolism: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Carcinoma Lung: Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Cardiac & Chest Wall Tumors: MC Type
  • Trachea & Esophagus: Foreign Body

Burns

  • Causes of death in burns
  • Burns Classification: Depth
  • Burn Size, Rule of 9, Resuscitation, Parkland Formula, Monitoring

Plastic Surgery & Skin Lesions

  • Skin Grafting: Split Thickness, Full Thickness
  • Flap: Random, Axial, Free
  • Marjolin’s Ulcer
  • Skin Malignancies: SCC, BCC, Malignant Melanoma
  • Vascular Anomalies: Portwine Stain, Strawberry Angioma, Salmon’s Patch
  • Cock’s Peculiar Tumor, Pott’s Puffy Tumor, Pilomatrixoma, Cylindroma
  • Angular Dermoid

Wound Healing, Tissue Repair & Scar

  • Classification of Surgical Wound: Clean, Clean Contaminated, Contaminated & Dirty
  • Degloving Injury
  • Compartment Syndrome
  • Pressure Ulcer
  • NPWT
  • Hypertrophic Scar & Keloid

Neurosurgery

  • Meningocele & Meningomyelocele
  • Berry Aneurysm
  • EDH, SDH, SAH, Diffuse Axonal Injuries
  • Skull Base Fractures: ACF, MCF & PCF Fracture
  • Kernohan’s Notch, Duret Hemorrhage
  • Brain Tumors: MC Type, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Medulloblastoma, Meningioma, Metastasis

Oral Cavity

  • Carcinoma Oral Cavity: Risk Factors, Leukoplakia, Erythroplakia, Speckled Erythroplakia, SMF, MC Type, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Carcinoma Lip & Tongue

Salivary Glands

  • Salivary Gland Tumors: MC Type, Diagnosis, Management
  • Parotidectomy: Surgical Landmarks for Facial Nerve, Complications of Parotidectomy, Frey’s Syndrome
  • Pleomorphic Adenoma, Warthin’s Tumor & Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
  • Sialolithiasis
  • Ranula

Neck, Facial Injuries & Abnormalities

  • Carotid Body Tumor: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Cystic Hygroma: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management
  • Cervical LN Levels, RND & MRND
  • Cleft Lip & Palate: Development & Timing of Repair
  • Le-Fort Fractures: I, II, & III

Oncology

  • Sentinel LN Biopsy: Methods, Indications, IBQ. Complications
  • Oncologic Emergencies: Tumor Lysis Syndrome & SVC Syndrome
  • Soft Tissue Sarcoma: MC Types, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Management, Sarcoma with Lymphatic Spread
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma & DFSP
  • Radiosensitivity of Organs

Pediatric Surgery

  • Sacrococcygeal Teratoma: IBQ

Trauma

  • Triage 
  • ATLS Protocol: Primary Survey (ABCDDE) & Secondary Survey
  • GCS
  • Trauma Scoring System: RTS, TRISS & MESS
  • Blunt Trauma Abdomen: MC Organs, Investigations, FAST, DPL, Management
  • Seat Belt Injury 
  • Damage Control Surgery
  • Abdominal Compartment Syndrome
  • Flail Chest: Definition, Clinical Features, Management

Transplantation

  • History of Transplantation, types of graft, graft rejection, Maastricht classification
  • Liver Transplantation: Types, sequence of anastomosis
  • Heart & Lung Transplantation: Sequence of anastomosis

Robotics, Laparoscopy & Bariatric Surgery

  • Pneumoperitoneum: Veress Needle, Gasses used, IAP
  • Bariatric Surgery: Indications, RYGB, BPD, Duodenal Switch, Causes of Perioperative Mortality 
  • NOTES & POEM

Sutures & Anastomoses 

  • Types: Absorbable & Nonabsorbable, Monofilament & Polyfilament
  • IBQ: Catgut, Vicryl, Prolene, Monocryl, Interrupted & Mattress Sutures (Horizontal & Vertical)
  • Knots: Square Knot, Granny Knot

Sterilization & Infection

  • Hospital Acquired Infection: MC Types
  • How to prevent SSI: Prophylactic Antibiotics (best time)
  • Southampton Wound Grading & ASEPSIS Wound Score
  • SIRS, MODS, Sepsis, Septic Shock
  • Cellulitis & Erysipelas: IBQ, Differences
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis, Gas Gangrene

Shock

  • Classification, Indicators of Perfusion, Monitoring
  • Hypovolemic Shock 
  • Physiological Characteristics of Various Types of Shock
  • Cannula Color Coding, Flow Rate

Miscellaneous 

  • Nasogastric tube: Length Measurement, Position of Insertion
  • Humby Knife
  • Foley’s Catheter Color Coding
  • Frostbite 
  • Psoas Abscess 
  • Blood Transfusion 
  • TNM Staging: Breast, Gallbladder, Stomach, Colorectal Cancer, Oral Cavity

Above we have covered all the important high-yield topics for surgery, which is one of the biggest subjects carrying the highest weightage in all medical PG entrance exams. 

Make sure to go through these must-read important topics. Once you’ve read these topics thoroughly, you can refer to our Rapid Revision videos for quick recall. Just make sure you have the PrepLadder app handy because that’s what you’ll need to ace the NEET-PG 2023 with utmost ease. 

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Kashika Walia

Kashika Walia is a Senior Content Writer at PrepLadder. She is devoted to give her readers easily digestible and high-value content that makes their journey towards their dream career incredibly easy.