Pro Tips To Crack GATE Computer Science & Information Technology (CS)

GATE CS & IT Preparation

Pursuing a Master in Technology (M.Tech) in Computer Science and its various branches from renowned educational institutes (IITs/NITs/IISc) is a dream of many GATE aspirants.

The course of computer science is crafted to provide students with an in-depth understanding of computer science’s theoretical foundations and limitations, the ability to adapt existing models, techniques, data structures, and algorithms, and so on. Hence, it should be studied thoroughly during the GATE exam preparation. 

Needless to say, the door of opportunities opens for candidates once they equip themselves with the right set of knowledge, skills, and expertise in Computer Science & Information Technology. There is no dearth of job opportunities for candidates with the right skill set in sectors like IT companies, Corporate Industry, Multinational companies, Banking sector, etc. 

Why study M.Tech Computer Science?

With all the technological advancements in the 21st century, especially in the field of Computer Science, and the ever-increasing demand for skilled candidates in the software industries, this course has gained significant prominence in the last few years.

A few of the many perks of the M.Tech in Computer Science qualification are listed below:

Diverse Opportunities: After completing the degree, a student can find job opportunities in various domains of CS such as Data Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, Blockchain Developer/Engineer, Big Data Engineer, Data Analyst, and many more.

Competitive Paycheck: A M.Tech in Computer Science graduate with more experience in the field can attract handsome salaries.

Higher Education: Students can also opt for higher education by enrolling in several Ph.D programs after completing the CS degree. 

Research Opportunities: M.Tech in Computer Science or in its various branches provides ample opportunities for the candidates to devote themselves to various research institutes and organisations.  

When the CS degree has so much to offer, it’s natural to witness fierce competition among students to bag a dream seat in their desired educational institute to pursue the course. CS is one of the most competitive papers in the GATE, and its preparation demands unwavering discipline and attention.

Also read: Preparation Strategy for GATE 2022

To make your GATE preparation convenient, we have compiled a list of PRO tips that will assist you in preparing for the exam effectively. But before diving into those, let’s first quickly glance at the GATE CS&IT syllabus for its better understanding.

CS & IT Syllabus for GATE 2022

TopicSub-topics
Engineering MathematicsDiscrete Mathematics
Linear Algebra
Calculus
Probability and Statistics
Digital LogicBoolean algebra.
Combinational and sequential circuits.
Minimization.
Number representations and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point).
Computer Organization and ArchitectureMachine instructions and addressing modes.
ALU, data-path and control unit. Instruction pipelining, pipeline hazards.
Memory hierarchy: cache, main memory and secondary storage;
I/O interface (Interrupt and DMA mode).
Programming and Data StructuresProgramming in C.
Recursion.
Arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search trees, binary heaps, graphs.
AlgorithmsSearching, sorting, hashing.
Asymptotic worst-case time and space complexity.
Algorithm design techniques: greedy, dynamic programming and divide-and-conquer.
Graph traversals, minimum spanning trees, shortest paths
Theory of ComputationRegular expressions and finite automata. Context-free grammars and push-down automata.
Regular and context-free languages, pumping lemma.
Turing machines and undecidability.
Compiler DesignLexical analysis, parsing, syntax-directed translation.
Runtime environments.
Intermediate code generation.
Local optimisation, Data flow analyses: constant propagation, liveness analysis,
Common subexpression elimination.
Operating SystemSystem calls, processes, threads, inter-process communication, concurrency and synchronization.
Deadlock.
CPU and I/O scheduling.
Memory management and virtual memory.
File systems.
DatabasesER-model.
Relational model: relational algebra, tuple calculus, SQL.
Integrity constraints, normal forms.
File organization, indexing (e.g., B and B+ trees).
Transactions and concurrency control. 
Computer NetworksConcept of layering: OSI and TCP/IP Protocol Stacks;
Basics of packet, circuit and virtual circuit switching;
Data link layer: framing, error detection, Medium Access Control, Ethernet bridging;
Routing protocols: shortest path, flooding, distance vector and link state routing;
Fragmentation and IP addressing, IPv4, CIDR notation, Basics of IP support protocols (ARP, DHCP, ICMP), Network
Address Translation (NAT);
Transport layer: flow control and congestion control, UDP, TCP, sockets;
Application layer protocols: DNS, SMTP, HTTP, FTP, Email.

Pro Tips to Prepare for GATE CS & IT 2022 

# Know the Syllabus Well

Before embarking on your GATE preparation journey, it is imperative to know the nitty-gritty of its syllabus. Familiarize yourself with the syllabus well so that you don’t waste crucial time studying unnecessary/irrelevant topics.  

Read more: How To Prepare For GATE General Aptitude?

# Tailor a Well Structured Study Plan

After you know the A-Z of the syllabus, make a well-structured study plan and follow it religiously. The study plan should have adequate time for the complete syllabus coverage with equal time for revision. Studying for 5-8 hours daily should be an integral part of your plan.

#  Gather Relevant Study Material

Having access to relevant and latest study material is paramount during its preparation. Make sure you have the standard author books for practice, video lectures, Qbank, and other learning resources to prepare well. For instance, PrepLadder has done a remarkable job in providing GATE aspirants with everything required to ace GATE on one platform.

# Be Consistent in your Preparation

Your preparation should be fueled with the passion for cracking GATE with a good score. No matter what, you have to be consistent in your preparation. To make it more fruitful, set achievable daily and weekly targets.

# Make Notes

It is important to make self-prepared notes during GATE preparation. It will help you record all the important information/formulas/topics in one place and serve as a Quick Guide. Also, making notes helps us to reduce the information to a manageable size.

# Analyze your Preparation with Mock Tests

Take mock tests to ensure you are on the right track and your GATE preparation is aligned with the actual exam. Regularly analyze your preparation with mock tests and work on your weak areas.

Also read: Tips To Prepare Engineering Mathematics For GATE 2022

# Refer Previous Years’ Question Papers and Revise Frequently

Mould your preparation according to the weightage of marks and frequently asked questions in the previous years’ question papers. They are a valuable learning resource and will help you to focus on high-priority areas.

All that is studied can only be retained for a longer period if you revise it. Revision is an indispensable part of the GATE preparation and hence should be done regularly.

We hope the tips mentioned above will make your GATE CS&IT preparation more productive and assist in getting your dream score.

If earning a decent score in GATE CS&IT is your ultimate goal, then PrepLadder is the place to go! It is the most comprehensive preparation resource for GATE aspirants and has everything you need to ace GATE on one single platform. Get expert guidance from India’s best GATE educators and nail the exam like a pro.

Be ahead and keep following our articles and our Telegram channel for the latest updates about the exam.  

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Raminder Singh

Raminder is a Content Writer at PrepLadder. He is working to provide students with informative articles and the latest updates about UPSC and GATE exams.