Medical PG: Preparation Guide For Surgery

Medical-PG- Preparation Guide for surgery

Your Medical-PG exam preparation is incomplete without ensuring that you prepare for the important subjects, and you do it well enough to not miss anything! Surgery manages to be on the list of high-weightage subjects for every Medical-PG entrance exam almost every year.

To read the INI-CET 2022 exam analysis, Click here.

To read the NEET-PG 2021 exam analysis, Click here.

Your proficiency in Surgery and the ability to retain every essential topic will determine whether or not you get to initiate your post-graduation journey as planned. So, we have the perfect preparation guide to help you ace your Surgery preparation.

The Important Role of Mentorship 

While preparing for the post-graduate medical entrance exams, it is important that you choose the educators who show you the path to success by bringing out the best in you. 

Dr. Pritesh Singh, an essential part of PrepLadder’s Dream Team, is known to make difficult/baffling topics seem easy, and that’s the kind of guidance you need.

Medical PG: Important Surgery Topics

Nineteen subjects, multiple books, hundreds of important topics, so many previous year papers, and a bookshelf with absolutely no space for more notebooks- with so much to learn and revise, it is crucial that you don’t miss the most important surgery topics!

BREAST
Nipple Discharge
Breast Cancer
Investigations in CA Breast
Mammography
BIRADSBRCA mutation
DCIS & LCIS
Types of Mastectomy
Complications of Mastectomy
Breast Reconstruction
Breast Conservative Surgery
Hormonal Therapy in Carcinoma Breast
Luminal criteria
Multigene test (Oncotype Dx, PAM-50, Mammaprint)
Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma
Breast Cancer during Pregnancy
Mondor’s Disease
Duct Papilloma
Duct ectasia
Cystosarcoma Phyllodes
Paget’s Disease of Nipple
Breast Abscess
Fibroadenoma

THYROID
Papillary Carcinoma
Follicular carcinoma
Medullary Carcinoma
Solitary Thyroid Nodule
Thyrotoxicosis
Grave’s Disease
Thyroidectomy
Post-Thyroidectomy Complications
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
de Quervain’s Thyroiditis
Riedel’s Thyroiditis
Thyroglossal cyst

PARATHYROID AND ADRENAL
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
Hyperparathyroidism
Cushing’s Syndrome
Adrenal Incidentaloma
Pheochromocytoma
Neuroblastoma
LIVER
Pyogenic Liver Abscess
Amoebic Liver Abscess
Hydatid Disease
Gharbi Classification of Hydatid
Cyst
PAIR
Liver Hemangioma
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Okuda Staging System for HCC
Milan criteria
Fibrolamellar HCC
Liver Metastasis
Hepatoblastoma
Liver Transplantation
Pringle Maneuver
Liver Anatomy
Caudate Lobe
Courvoisier’s Law
PORTAL HYPERTENSION
Etiology of Portal Hypertension
Variceal Bleeding
Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) Score
MELD score
PELD score
Sengstaken and Blakemore tube
TIPSS
Surgical Shunts
Peritoneovenous Shunt
Non-Cirrhotic Portal Fibrosis
Extra-Hepatic Portal Venous Obstruction (EHPVO)
Budd-Chiari Syndrome
Veno-occlusive Disease
PANCREAS
Causes of Acute Pancreatitis
Drugs Associated With Pancreatitis
Acute Pancreatitis
Ranson’s Prognostic Criteria
APACHE-II scoring system
BISAP score
Pseudocyst
Pancreatic Necrosis
Chronic Pancreatitis
Intraductal papillary
Mucinous Neoplasm
Mucinous Cystadenoma of Pancreas
Serous Cystadenoma of Pancreas
Carcinoma Pancreas
Periampullary Carcinoma
Whipple’s Procedure (Pancreaticoduodenectomy)
Insulinoma
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
Glucagonoma
VIPomas
Pancreas Divisum
Annular Pancreas
GALL BLADDER
Cholesterol Gall Stones
Black Stones
Brown Stones
HIDA Scan
Gall Stones: Complications & Treatment
Acute Cholecystitis
Medical Therapy for Gall Stones
Gallstone Ileus
Mucocele
Indications of Prophylactic cholecystectomy
Acalculous
Cholecystitis
Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis
Emphysematous
Cholecystitis
Mirizzi’s Syndrome
Strawberry Gallbladder
Gallbladder PolypAdenomyomatosis
Gallbladder Carcinoma
Gallbladder: Anatomy & Physiology
BILE DUCT
Choledochal Cyst
Choledocholithiasis
Cholangitis
ERCPMRCPPTC
Bile Duct Injury
Bismuth Classification of Bile Duct Strictures
Strasberg Classification of Laparoscopic Biliary Injuries
Biliary Atresia
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Cholangiocarcinoma
Hemobilia
ESOPHAGUS
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (Bochdalek Hernia or Posterolateral Hernia)
Hiatus Hernia
Fundoplication
Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Achalasia Cardia
Diffuse Esophageal Spasm
Zenker’s Diverticulum
Midesophageal or Traction Diverticula (AIIMS)
Plummer Vinson Syndrome
Barrett’s Esophagus
Carcinoma Esophagus
Types of esophagectomy
Replacement Conduits after Esophagectomy
Siewert classification
Leiomyoma
Dysphagia Lusoria
Boerhaave’s Syndrome
Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula
Schatzki’s Rings
Esophageal Sphincter
STOMACH
Peptic Ulcer
Modified Johnson’s Classification of Gastric Ulcer
Complications of Peptic Ulcer
Vagotomy
Billroth Gastrectomy
Benign & Malignant Ulcer
Duodenal Ulcer
Gastrectomy & Complications
Dumping syndrome
BLEED risk Classification
Blatchford scale
Rockall & Baylor Score
The Forrest Classification
Mallory Weiss Syndrome
Dieulafoy’s Lesion
Watermelon Stomach
Ménétrier’s Disease
Carcinoma Stomach
Lauren Classification
Treatment of Carcinoma Stomach
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor
Duodenal Atresia
Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis
Trichobezoar
Stress gastritis (Stress ulcerations)
PERITONEUM
Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
Pneumoperitoneum
Secondary Bacterial Peritonitis
Enteric Fever
Mesenteric Cyst
Pseudomyxoma Peritonei
Pelvic abscess
SMALL INTESTINE
Meckel’s diverticulum
Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis
Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome
Short bowel syndrome
Intestinal Atresia
Carcinoid Tumors
LARGE INTESTINE
Hirschsprung’s Disease
Colonic Diverticula
Colorectal Polyps
Peutz-Jegher’s Syndrome
Adenomatous Polyps
FAPHNPCC
Carcinoma colon
Colonic Ischemia
Pseudomembranous Colitis
Lower Gastrointestinal Bleed
INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION
Small Bowel Obstruction
Intussusception
Meconium Ileus
Mesenteric Ischemia
Paralytic Ileus
Large Bowel Obstruction
Colonic Pseudo-obstruction
Sigmoid volvulus
Cecal volvulus
Malrotation
INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
Pathological & radiological features of Crohn’s disease & Ulcerative colitis
Management of Crohn’s disease & Ulcerative colitis
RECTUM AND ANAL CANAL
Carcinoma Rectum
Hemorrhoid
Rectal Prolapse
Ano-Rectal Abscess
Fistula-in-Ano
Goodsall’s rule
Anal Fissure
Pilonidal Sinus
Carcinoma Anal Canal
HPV Vaccines
HERNIA
Risk Factors for Hernia
Inguinal Hernia
Management of Inguinal Hernia
Bassini repair
Shouldice repair
Lichtenstein repair
Laparoscopic & Pre-Peritoneal Repairs
Triangle of Doom
Triangle of Pain
Corona Mortis
Strangulated Inguinal Hernia
Femoral Hernia
Spigelian Hernia
Sliding Hernia
Lumbar Hernia
Obturator Hernia
Omphalocele & Gastroschisis
Epigastric hernia
Littre’s Hernia
Incisional Hernia
Desmoid Tumour
APPENDIX
Acute Appendicitis
Alvarado (MANTRELS) score
Ochsner-Sherren Regime
Appendiceal carcinoid
Appendectomy incisions
KIDNEY & URETER
Renal Calculi: types, clinical features, diagnosis & treatment
Urine: Cast & crystals
ESWLPCNLURSGU TBPyelonephritis
Perinephric abscess & pyonephrosis
Hydronephrosis
Angiomyolipoma
RCCWilm’s Tumor
ADPKDPelviureteric (PUJ) obstruction
Retrocaval Ureter
Horseshoe Kidney
Ureterocele
Duplication of Ureter
Ectopic Ureteral Orifice
Vesicoureteric Reflux (VUR)
Patent Urachus
SPLEEN
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Indications for Splenectomy
Complications of Splenectomy
OPSISplenic Tumors
Splenic Cyst
Accessory Spleen
URINARY BLADDER
Extrophy of Bladder (Ectopia Vesicae)
Endemic Bladder Calculi
Secondary Bladder Calculi
X-ray of bladder stone
Schistosomiasis (Bilharziasis)
Carcinoma Urinary Bladder
Intravesical chemotherapy
Bladder Rupture
PROSTATE
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Absolute indications for surgery in BPH
Treatment of BPHTURP
Prostatectomy
Carcinoma Prostate
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
Prostatic Calculi
PENIS & URETHRA
Hypospadias
Epispadias
Posterior urethral valve
Phimosis
Paraphimosis
Priapism
Urinary tract Infection
Urethral Injury
Stricture Urethra
RGU & MCU
Carcinoma Penis
TESTIS & SCROTUM
Undescended Testis
Testicular Torsion
Varicocele
Hydrocele
Acute Epididymo Orchitis
Fournier’s Gangrene
Predisposing factors for Testicular GCTs
Testicular Tumors
Tumour Markers of Testicular Tumors
Seminoma
ARTERIAL DISORDERS
Peripheral Arterial Occlusion
Buerger’s Disease
Lumbar Sympathectomy
Critical Limb Ischemia
Ankle Brachial Index (ABI)Arterial Ulcer
Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF)Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Diabetic Foot
Aortic Dissection
Aortic Aneurysm
Cut off diameter of aneurysm for surgery
Pseudoaneurysm
Subclavian Steal Syndrome
Vascular Graft
Takayasu’s Arteritis
Giant cell arteritis
VENOUS DISORDERS
Hypercoagulable States & DVT Risk Factors
DVT
Varicose Veins
Subfascial Endoscopic Perforator Vein Surgery (SEPS)
Tourniquet test
Injection sclerotherapy
Venous Ulcers
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome
Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome
Migratory Thrombophlebitis
BURNS
Burn Size (% BSA)
Causes of death in Burn patients
Fever in Burn Patients
Burns Depth & Classification of burn wound
Parkland formula & Fluid Resuscitation
WOUNDS & SCAR
Factors that inhibit Wound Healing
Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar
LYMPHATICS
Lymphedema
Treatment of Lymphoedema
Filariasis
THORAX & LUNG
Mediastinal tumors
Locations of the Common Mediastinal Masses
Thymoma
Bronchogenic Cyst
Pleural Effusion
Pneumothorax
Tension Pneumothorax
Hemothorax
Indications of Thoracotomy
Lung Abscess
Pulmonary Hamartoma
Bronchial Adenoma
Bronchial Carcinoid
Malignant Mesothelioma
WHO Classification of Carcinoma Lung
Bronchogenic Carcinoma
Pulmonary Embolism
Fat Embolism
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Myxoma
CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE
Berry aneurysm
Cerebrovascular Stroke
Duret Hemorrhage
EDH & SDH
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Skull Base Fractures
Brain Herniation
Diffuse Axonal Injuries
Glasgow Coma Scale
Arnold-Chiari malformation
Meningocele
Myelomeningocele
Hydrocephalus
Kernohan’s Notch Phenomenon
CNS TUMOURS
CNS Tumors: Predisposing Factors
Astrocytoma
Ependymoma
Oligodendroglioma (ODG)
Medulloblastoma
Meningioma
Pituitary adenoma
Craniopharyngioma
Brain Metastasis
Primary CNS Lymphoma
Stereotactic Radiosurgery
ORAL CAVITY & SALIVARY GLANDS
Carcinoma Oral Cavity: Predisposing Factors
Leukoplakia
Erythroplakia
Speckled erythroplakia
Oral Submucous Fibrosis
Carcinoma Lip
Lip Reconstruction: Abbe-Estlander flap
Carcinoma Tongue
Commando’s operation
Mandibulectomy
Dental Cyst, Dentigerous Cyst & Ameloblastoma
Pleomorphic Adenoma
Warthin’s Tumor
Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
Sialolithiasis
Complications of Parotidectomy
Frey’s syndrome
Ranula
NECK
Carotid Body Tumor
Cystic Hygroma
Branchial Cyst & Fistula
Thyroglossal cyst
Cervical Rib
Neck Dissection
ONCOLOGY
Tumor Markers
Screening in Malignancy
Bone Metastasis
Oncological Emergencies
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
Hypercalcemia of Malignancy
Typhlitis (Neutropenic Enterocolitis)
Superior Vena Cava  (SVC) Syndrome
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
SOFT TISSUE SARCOMA
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Angiosarcoma
Liposarcoma
Leiomyosarcoma
Sarcomas with Lymph Node Metastasis
Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans
TRAUMA
ATLS protocol
ABCDE
Primary survey
Secondary survey
Triage
Trauma Scoring System
Blunt Trauma Abdomen
Seat Belt Injury
FASTDPL
Trauma triad of death
Damage Control Surgery
Abdominal Compartment Syndrome
Trauma: Liver, spleen, kidney, pancreas
Penetrating Abdominal Injuries
Neck Injuries
Blast Injuries
Flail chest
Pericardial Tamponade
Diaphragmatic Injury
TRANSPLANTATION
Organ Preservation Solution
Types of Graft
Matching & Graft Rejection
Maastricht classification
Liver, kidney, pancreas Transplantation
Heart & lung Transplantation
Complications of Transplantation
Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD)
Maximum and Optimal Cold Storage Times
LAPAROSCOPY & BARIATRIC SURGERY
Laparoscopy
VATSNOTES
Bariatric Surgery
SUTURES & ANASTOMOSIS
Suture Materials
Catgut
Vicryl
Prolene
Ethilon
Monocryl
Anastomoses
Mesh
STERILIZATION & INFECTION 
Techniques of Sterilization
Prophylactic Antibiotics
SIRS & MODS
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Erysipelas & Cellulitis
Gas Gangrene
Chronic Burrowing ulcer
Hospital Acquired Infection
Causes of Post-operative Fever
BLOOD TRANSFUSION
Complications of Blood Transfusion
Characteristics of Selected Blood Components
Anticoagulants
ELECTROLYTE & NUTRITION
Enteral Nutrition
Total Parenteral Nutrition
Refeeding Syndrome
SHOCK
Types of shock
Four Classes of Hemorrhagic Shock

Revision

There is absolutely no alternative to constant practice while preparing for Medical PG entrance exams. You have to gradually nail the art of implementing the knowledge gained in the last few years while attempting MCQs.

An ideal revision plan promises conciseness and does not miss anything while ensuring that.

You should not undermine the significance of an effective revision plan in the last phase of your preparation for not just Surgery but all 19 subjects. Therefore, make a revision plan that will help you revise every Surgery topic like a pro. 

Now that you have a good preparation guide to rely upon, start preparing and moving a step closer to your dreams with every lesson.

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Ridhima Arora

Ridhima is a Content Writer at PrepLadder. She aims at making a significant difference in the academic journeys of Medical PG, NEET SS, and CAT aspirants through her content.